Home Lifestyle Elon Musk and hundreds of experts have called for a “pause” in the development of artificial intelligence

Elon Musk and hundreds of experts have called for a “pause” in the development of artificial intelligence

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Elon Musk is one of several prominent experts, entrepreneurs, and researchers who are calling for artificial intelligence (AI) labs to stop their work immediately. In an open letter, these experts call for an end to this “uncontrolled race” to deploy more advanced products, and the time is right to better assess the risks that AI poses to humanity.

Any artificial intelligence lab running on systems more powerful than GPT-4 (OpenAI’s ChatGPT engine) should “immediately shut down” its work for at least six months until humanity can assess the risks posed by advanced AI systems, according to an open letter published Wednesday, March 29 by Future of Life Institute signed by More than 1000 characters.

The letter said any halt in the development of such technology must be “public and verifiable” and involve all major players, urging governments to “step in” and force those who are too slow or unwilling to stop.

According to the letter, rapid developments in recent months underscore the need for drastic action, with labs “engaged in an uncontrolled race” to develop and deploy more powerful systems that no one, including their creators, can understand, anticipate or foresee. controls.

Independent laboratories and experts should use this pause to develop a set of joint safety protocols, which are vetted and supervised by outside experts, the letter states. These protocols must ensure that AI systems are “safe beyond a reasonable doubt”.

Among the signatories are a large number of famous computer scientists such as Joshua Bengio And Stuart Russellresearchers from leading universities and leading technology companies such as Oxford, Cambridge, Stanford, Caltech, Columbia, Google, Microsoft and Amazon, as well as prominent technology entrepreneurs such asJean Tallinnco-founder of Skype, Evan Sharpco-founder of Pinterest, and Chris Larsenco-founder of Ripple.

Since the signers are invited to add their own name to the letter, which also includes the author Yuval Noah Harari And the politician Andrew YangThis list should be treated with a degree of skepticism and discretion the edge Reported that the head of OpenAI Sam Altman It was apparently added as a joke.

The massive success of chatan artificial intelligence chatbot created by the American company Open AI, sparking a frantic race to bring new artificial intelligence products to market. The biggest tech players and countless startups are now vying for or claiming a place in this emerging market, which could shape the future of the entire industry. In addition, laboratories are striving to develop ever more efficient products. In the short term, experts warn, AI systems risk exacerbating existing prejudices and inequalities, fostering disinformation, disrupting politics and the economy, and aiding hackers. In the long term, some experts believe that AI could pose an existential threat to humanity and could even eliminate it. Although AI is future-oriented, they argue that the potential for superintelligent AI must be addressed before it is developed and that system security should be a major factor in development now.

The open letter ends on a positive note: “Humanity can enjoy a prosperous future by Amnesty International. Having successfully created powerful AI systems, we can now enjoy an “AI summer” in which we will reap the rewards of our efforts, design these systems for greater benefit to all and give society a chance to adapt. The company has paused other technologies with potentially catastrophic effects on it. We can do the same here. Let’s enjoy a long AI summer and don’t rush unprepared into the fall. »

Philanthropist Billionaire Bill Gates, the founder and former CEO of Microsoft, which has invested heavily in OpenAI, was not named among the signatories to the letter. Bill Gates has already acknowledged the transformative impact AI will have on society, hailed the “incredible” progress in the field in recent months, and said one of his main goals is to ensure that the benefits of AI are shared equitably, particularly by those who need it most. to help. In a recent blog, Bill Gates outlined several issues raised in the open letter signed by personalities such asElon Musk. Bill Gates said that social concerns about AI must be settled between governments and the private sector that develops the technology to ensure it is used well. On technical issues, the former Microsoft CEO said that recent developments have not made some issues “more urgent today than they were before” and that researchers are already working on other pressing technical problems and that they will likely do so within a few years. He added that questions about superintelligence (artificial intelligence that exceeds human capabilities in all areas and the AI ​​community section on whether it is a real danger or ‘hopeless speculation’) are legitimate questions, but no closer, given recent developments. . Bill Gates said that these concerns will “become more pressing over time.”

Timnit Gebrua former AI ethics officer at Google whose research was cited in the open letter, criticized the “stupid” letter on Twittersaying: “They are basically saying the opposite of what we are saying and quoting our article.” Timnit Gebru also criticized that the letter is about “AI summer,” adding “The only people enjoying the ‘AI summer’ are billionaires and tech giants. Workers are being exploited, artists are talking about killing themselves, and itinerant workers are struggling to pay their bills.”

Translated article from the American magazine Forbes – Author: Robert Hart

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