2019-07-05 | Climate message from heated Bonn

In Bonn (Germany) the session of climate negotiations ended. A member of the CLEEN network Gamarjoba (Georgia) took part in the event, the purpose was to harmonize the controversial points a “Rule  Book” of the Paris Climate Agreement.

Hot discussions took place with the background of heat waves that covered Europe: several temperature records were beaten in those days in Germany. The heat was added by public climate protests involving more than 40,000 activists in North Rhine-Westphalia, which began with an international mass demonstration of the Fridays for Future movement and grew into a blockade of coal sites.

The key objectives of the Bonn meeting were the preparation of a text to sign at COP25 in Santiago, Chile. After a long discussion in Bonn “unrecognized”, the report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), devoted to one and a half degrees, remained. In a paper prepared last year, scientists cite facts about today's climate change parameters and make predictions about scenarios when temperatures rise above 1.5 ° C. Researchers strongly recommend that leaders start an immediate abandonment of fossil fuels. It was not possible to agree on the inclusion of the IPCC report in Bonn in the text of the Book of Paris Agreement: consensus was not reached due to the objections of the countries that are the largest producers of fossil fuels - Saudi Arabia, USA and Russia.

The hottest was the discussion on the Clean Development Mechanism (СDM), an economic tool after 2020 should contribute to the strengthening of activities to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Sustainable development mechanisms of the Paris Agreement may include not only market mechanisms tested in the Kyoto Protocol (carbon trading, clean development mechanism and joint projects), but also non-market mechanisms. For example, labeling. “Only the transition to 100% provision of energy from renewable sources will give mankind a chance to prevent an impending climatic catastrophe!” In front of the building where the UN climate talks took place the first global Renewable Energy Day. Eurovision winner, Ukrainian singer Ruslana - Renewable Energy Ambassador charged participants and delegates with songs about the elements of water, sun and wind.

On the eve of the Bonn session of negotiations, the World Wind Energy Association (WWEA) and the Ukrainian Wind Energy Association presented a petition for the World Renewable Day, calling for all future investments in the global energy sector to be sent for renewable energy sources. “Cities play a leading role in the transition to renewable energy, and some cities have set themselves the most ambitious goals in the development of renewable energy sources (RES) in the World. What motivates cities to make such decisions, where and how do they implement them? ”- The new report of REN21“ Renewable Energy of Cities ”will answer these questions, the preliminary findings of which were presented during the Bonn session.

The Below2 bulletin cites examples from the report: the Netherlands, in 2008, the district heating project was launched in the former city of Heerlene miners, which used an abandoned coal mine to produce geothermal heat and was specifically focused on the professional retraining of former coal industry workers. More than 60% of municipalities in Sweden collect food waste, which 5.2 PJ of biomethane is produced annually, used as fuel for local transport.

“The CLEEN network also actively involved in the process of improving the climate-friendly cities,” says Olga Podosenova (Gamarjoba). - Within the framework of the project “Public participation in the implementation of an ambitious climate policy” in Ukraine and Georgia, we analyze the Action Plans for Sustainable Energy Development (SEAP). On the one hand, this is public control over municipal development strategies. On the other hand, this is publicity work: we want to involve the number of citizens in conscious actions to protect the climate. ”

“A lot has changed since Katowice (СОР24), said Patricia Espinoza, Executive Secretary of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). - Now we are literally in an extreme climate situation.” Indeed, after the December negotiations, several countries and regions declared themselves “territories with extreme climatic situations”. According to the UN official report, it is expected that 80 countries, including such large pollutants as China, will announce an increase in their ambitions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. “We can no longer afford gradual progress in tackling climate change,” said Patricia Espinoza. “We need profound, transformational and systemic changes throughout society that are crucial for a future with low emissions and greater resilience.”

Some other important points and results of the SB50.

  • 9 developing countries (including Armenia) have demonstrated their ambitions and actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
  • During the session “multilateral assessment” 19 developed countries presented their new climate goals and strategies. Britain and France have announced plans to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050.
  • A new climate change adaptation work program was agreed to be adopted at COP-25. The program of work includes scientific and technical achievements, as well as recommendations taking into account the traditional knowledge of indigenous peoples.
  • SB50 hosted the first meeting of the Platform for Indigenous Communities agreed on a program of work.
  • In the framework of the “Coronivia Collaboration on Agriculture”, delegates considered the agricultural sector as the basis of human existence, and also recognized that agriculture is very vulnerable to the effects of climate change. Experts have suggested options for how to implement autonomous and decentralized energy solutions for the rational use of energy and water in the agrifood chain.
  • A Climate and Gender Action Plan was presented.
  • Governments agreed on a draft decision to be adopted at COP-25 in order to improve education, awareness and public participation under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change.

Details:

Olga Podosenova, NGO "Gamarjoba",
Phone number: +995579087918,
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

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